A group of Lear’s Macaw (Anodorhynchus leari) in Brazil by Ciro Albano. For over a century after it had been described, the whereabouts of the wild population was unknown. It was eventually rediscovered in 1978 in the interior northeast of Brazil. In 1983, the global population was estimated to number just 60 birds. Various conservation organizations are working to help conserve the species. In 2009 the conservation status of the species was downgraded to endangered from critically endangered. This was prompted by an increase in the population, which based on annual 2009 counts is estimated to be approximately 1000 individuals.—with Dogomar Cabrera and 2 others.